homage to the Buddha as a way of expressing gratitude for his goodness.
Buddhists focus on practicing generosity, observing the precepts, and listening to the Dhamma. This is called paying homage to the virtues of the Triple Gem: the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha. The Buddha is like a father, while the Dhamma is like a mother (the source of knowledge of the Buddha's teachings).
On Visakha Puja, the anniversary of the day on which the Buddha passed away, Buddhists chant the passages reflecting on the virtues of the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha. Buddhists take off their jewels, go without perfume and cologne, and dress very simply. They steer clear of their comfortable beds and mattresses, and reduce their meals to only one or two. Buddhists also bring flowers, candles, and incense to offer to the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha.