The purpose of the Feast of the Nativity is to celebrate the birth of Jesus, and to counteract the messages of people that were described
It was also meant to usurp the Roman feast called dies natalis Solis invicti on 25 December, where the return of the sun to summer was celebrated.
On the same day the memory of the three wise men from the East is also celebrated. These three wise men learned of the birth of the Saviour when they saw a miraculous star, and brought gifts and worshipped him. The gifts consisted of gold, myrrh and frankincense. The gold represented material gifts. The frankincense represented talents, knowledge and skill. The myrrh is very bitter and represents misfortunes, sorrow, tears and suffering.
On this day the Orthodox Christian church also remembers the shepherds who first heard about the birth of the Messiah.