northern passage to the Orient. Instead he established a settlement in Northern America and held a ceremony to give thanks for surviving the long journey.
Other English settlers arrived and continued the same ceremonies.
Around the same time French explorer Samuel de Champlain and some settlers crossed the ocean and arrived in Canada.
They also held huge feasts of thanks, formed The Order of Good Cheer and shared their food with the local Indians.
During the American Revolution the Americans who remained loyal to England moved to Canada and took with them the customs and practices of the American Thanksgiving.
In 1931 the Canadian parliament proclaimed Thanksgiving as an official holiday to be observed on the 2nd Monday in October.